Japanese judoka

BJJ The Boss ! Mitsuyo Maeda

Mitsuyo Maeda (前田 光世 Maeda Mitsuyo?, November 18, 1878 – November 28, 1941),[1] a Brazilian naturalized as Otávio Maeda,[2] was a Japanese judōka (judo expert) and prizefighter in no holds barred competitions. He was also known as Count Combat or Conde Koma in Spanish and Brazilian Portuguese, a nickname he picked up in Spain in 1908. Along with Antônio Soishiro Satake (another naturalized Brazilian), he pioneered judo in Brazil, the United Kingdom, and other countries.[1]

Maeda was fundamental to the development of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, including through his teaching of Carlos Gracie and others of the Gracie family.[3] He was also a promoter of Japanese emigration to Brazil. Maeda won more than 2,000 professional fights in his career. His accomplishments led to him being called the “toughest man who ever lived” and being referred to as the father of Brazilian Jiu-jitsu.[4]

Masahiko Kimura – short documentary

This is a good video on youtube.

Masahiko Kimura – short documentary


From wikipedia
Masahiko Kimura (木村 政彦, Kimura Masahiko?, September 10, 1917 – April 18, 1993) was a Japanese judoka (Judo practitioner) who is widely considered one of the greatest judoka of all time.[1][2][3] Kimura (5 ft 7in 170 cm; 85 kg, 187 lb) was born on September 10, 1917 in Kumamoto, Japan. In Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, the reverse ude-garami arm lock is often called the “Kimura”, due to his famous victory over Gracie Jiu-Jitsu co-creator Hélio Gracie.

Masahiko Kimura

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Masahiko Kimura
Masahiko Kimura (1917-1993).jpg
Career Snapshot
Born September 10, 1917
Died April 18, 1993(1993-04-18) (aged 75)
Total Fights Unknown
Won Unknown
Lost Unknown
Draws Unknown
Tournaments Won
  • All-Japan Collegiate Championships (1935)
  • 7th All Japan Judo Championship (1937)
  • 8th All Japan Judo Championship (1938)
  • 9th All Japan Judo Championship (1939)
  • Ten-Ran Shiai tournament (1940)
  • 1947 West Japan Judo Championship
  • 1949 All Japan Judo Championship
Masahiko Kimura
Born September 10, 1917(1917-09-10)
Kumamoto, Japan
Died April 18, 1993(1993-04-18) (aged 75)
Lung cancer
Nationality Japanese
Height 170 cm
Weight 85 kg
Style Judo
Rank      7th dan Judo and Karate
Occupation Professional wrestler
University Takushoku University

Masahiko Kimura (木村 政彦, Kimura Masahiko?, September 10, 1917 – April 18, 1993) was a Japanese judoka (Judo practitioner) who is widely considered one of the greatest judoka of all time.[1][2][3] Kimura (5 ft 7in 170 cm; 85 kg, 187 lb) was born on September 10, 1917 in Kumamoto, Japan. In Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, the reverse ude-garami arm lock is often called the “Kimura”, due to his famous victory over Gracie Jiu-Jitsu co-creator Hélio Gracie.


[edit] Biography

Kimura at age 24 with the Emperor‘s tantō gift after winning the Ten-Ran Shiai tournament

Promoted to yodan (4th dan) at the age of 16 after six years of Judo. He had defeated six opponents (who were all 3rd and 4th dan) in a row. In 1935 at age 18 he became the youngest ever godan (5th degree black belt) when he defeated eight consecutive opponents at Kodokan (headquarters for the main governing body of Judo).

Kimura’s remarkable success can in part be attributed to his fanatical training regimen. He reportedly lost only four judo matches in his lifetime, all occurring in 1935.[4] He considered quitting judo after those losses, but through the encouragement of friends he began training again. He consistently practiced the leg throw Osoto Gari (Large Outer Reap) against a tree. After six months his technique was such that daily randori or sparring sessions at various dojos resulted in 10 people with concussions. Fellow students frequently asked him not to use his unorthodox Osoto Gari.[citation needed] At the height of his career Kimura’s training involved a thousand push-ups and nine-hours practice every day. He was promoted to 7th dan at age 30, a rank that was frozen after disputes with Kodokan over becoming a professional wrestler, refusing to return the All Japan Judo Championship flag, and issuing dan ranks while in Brazil.[4]

Kimura also entered Karate in his pursuit of martial arts, believing that karate would strengthen his hands. First he trained what today is known as Shotokan Karate under its founder Gichin Funakoshi for two years, but eventually switched to training Goju-Ryu Karate under So-Nei Chu (a pupil of Goju-ryu karate legend Chojun Miyagi) and finally became an assistant instructor, along with Gogen Yamaguchi and Masutatsu Oyama in his dojo. In his Autobiography, Kimura attributes the use of the makiwara (a karate training implement) as taught to him by So Neichu and his friend and training partner Masutatsu Oyama, as being a significant contributor to his consequent tournament success. He began using the makiwara daily prior to his first All Japan success and never lost another competition bout.

[edit] Kimura vs. Hélio Gracie

Kimura vs Gracie –
his winning “Kimura lock.”
The headline reads:
“(moral) Victory for Helio Gracie.”

In 1951, Kimura defeated Hélio Gracie of the Gracie Jiu Jitsu family in a submission Judo match held in Brazil.[5] During the fight Kimura threw Gracie repeatedly with Ippon Seoinage (one arm shoulder throw), Ouchi Gari (major inner reap), Uchimata (inner thigh throw), Harai Goshi (sweeping hip throw), and Osoto Gari (major outer reap). However, Helio Gracie had made sure the ground was heavily padded to prevent Kimura from being able to knock him out with throws. Unable to subdue Helio through throwing alone, the fight progressed into groundwork. Kimura maintained a dominance in the fight at this point by using techniques such as kuzure-kamishiho-gatame (modified upper four corner hold), kesa-gatame (scarf hold), and sankaku-jime (triangle choke). Thirteen minutes into the bout Kimura positioned himself to apply a reverse ude-garami (arm entanglement, a shoulderlock). Gracie did not submit to this technique which resulted in his elbow being dislocated as well as the radius and ulna bones being broken. Gracie’s corner threw in the towel at this point, where it has been speculated that they delayed this action due to being instructed not to by Gracie.

In a 1994 interview with Nishi Yoshinori, Helio Gracie admitted that he had been rendered unconscious very early in the bout by a choke although Kimura released the choke and continued the bout. It is said that Kimura was so impressed by Helio’s technique that he invited Helio to teach at the Imperial Academy of Japan.

As a tribute to Kimura’s victory, the reverse ude-garami technique he used to defeat Gracie, has since been commonly referred to as the Kimura lock, or simply the Kimura, in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and, more recently, mixed martial arts circles.

Kimura describes the event as follows:

“20,000 people came to see the bout including President of Brazil. Helio was 180cm and 80 kg. When I entered the stadium, I found a coffin. I asked what it was. I was told, “This is for Kimura. Helio brought this in.” It was so funny that I almost burst into laughter. As I approached the ring, raw eggs were thrown at me. The gong rang. Helio grabbed me in both lapels, and attacked me with O-soto-gari and Kouchi-gari. But they did not move me at all. Now it’s my turn. I blew him away up in the air by O-uchi-gari, Harai-goshi, Uchimata, Ippon-seoi. At about 10 minute mark, I threw him by O-soto-gari. I intended to cause a concussion. But since the mat was so soft that it did not have much impact on him. While continuing to throw him, I was thinking of a finishing method. I threw him by O-soto-gari again. As soon as Helio fell, I pinned him by Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame. I held still for 2 or 3 minutes, and then tried to smother him by belly. Helio shook his head trying to breathe. He could not take it any longer, and tried to push up my body extending his left arm. That moment, I grabbed his left wrist with my right hand, and twisted up his arm. I applied Udegarami. I thought he would surrender immediately. But Helio would not tap the mat. I had no choice but keep on twisting the arm. The stadium became quiet. The bone of his arm was coming close to the breaking point. Finally, the sound of bone breaking echoed throughout the stadium. Helio still did not surrender. His left arm was already powerless. Under this rule, I had no choice but twist the arm again. There was plenty of time left. I twisted the left arm again. Another bone was broken. Helio still did not tap. When I tried to twist the arm once more, a white towel was thrown in. I won by TKO. My hand was raised high. Japanese Brazilians rushed into the ring and tossed me up in the air. On the other hand, Helio let his left arm hang and looked very sad withstanding the pain.”

[edit] Kimura in Professional Wrestling

In the early 1950s, Kimura was invited by Rikidōzan to compete as a professional wrestler. They performed both as tag team partners and as opponents, but Kimura was not marketed or publicized as much as Rikidōzan. The Rikidōzan vs. Kimura match for the Japanese Professional Wrestling Heavyweight title was the first high-profile match. The match, according to Kimura, was supposed to go to a draw and set up a series of rematches. But Rikidōzan, whether it was premeditated or in the heat of the moment, shot (began fighting for real) on Kimura and battered him unconscious with a series of open hand strikes, punches, and kicks (some of which were to the groin), and won the match by knockout. Kimura never received a rematch with Rikidōzan. Kimura describes the events as follows:

In November 1951, I founded Kokusai Pro Wrestling Association. After I came back from US doing pro wrestling matches, I did pro wrestling shows throughout Japan. In those days, Rikidozan also started a new organization called Japan Pro Wrestling Association. So, mass media started to talk about Kimura vs Rikidozan match. I met with Rikidozan and asked his opinion. He said, “That is a good idea. We will be able to build a fortune. Let’s do it!” The 1st bout was going to be a draw. The winner of the 2nd will be determined by the winner of a paper-scissors-stone. After the 2nd match, we will repeat this process. We came to an agreement on this condition. As for the content of the match, Rikidozan will let me throw him, and I will let him strike me with a chop. We then rehearsed karate chop and throws. However, once the bout started, Rikidozan became taken by greed for big money and fame. He lost his mind and became a mad man. When I saw him raise his hand, I opened my arms to invite the chop. He delivered the chop, not to my chest, but to my neck with full force. I fell to the mat. He then kicked me. Neck arteries are so vulnerable that it did not need to be Rikidozan to cause a knock down. A junior high school kid could inflict a knock down this way. I could not forgive his treachery. That night, I received a phone call informing me that several ten yakuza are on their way to Tokyo to kill Rikidozan. [6]
On December 8, 1963, while partying in a Tokyo nightclub, Rikidōzan was stabbed with a urine-soaked blade by gangster Katsuji Murata who belongs to Bōryokudan Sumiyoshi-ikka. He died a week later of peritonitis on December 15.

Kimura formed International Pro Wrestling Force (IPWF), a promotion based in his hometown of Kumamoto, as a local affiliate of The Japan Wrestling Association (JWA). Although JWA later took over operations, IPWF is remembered for being the first Japanese promotion to introduce Mexican Lucha Libre wrestlers.

Some biographers note that his professional wrestling career began shortly after his wife was diagnosed with tuberculosis, and it is speculated by some that he began professional wrestling to pay for her medication. Indeed, the predicament was likely beyond the financial means of a police instructor, which was his paying job prior to professional wrestling.

[edit] Kimura vs. Valdemar Santana

Kimura went to Brazil again in 1959 to conduct his last Professional Judo/Wrestling tour. He was challenged by Valdemar Santana to a “real” (not choreographed) submission match. Santana was a champion in Gracie Jiujitsu and Capoeira. He was 27 years old, 6 feet tall, and weighed 205 lb. Santana had twice fought Hélio Gracie and won, both fights lasting more than three hours. Kimura threw Santana with seoinage, hanegoshi, and osotogari. He then applied his famous reverse ude-garami (entangled armlock), winning the match.

Santana requested a rematch under vale tudo rules—the first fight was apparently grappling only—and this time, the result was a draw after 40 minutes in a bout in which both competitors reportedly drew blood. Kimura fought this match despite having an injured knee, and was pressured by the promoter and police to fight against his doctors orders.[7]

[edit] Death

Kimura died on April 18, 1993, after a long battle with lung cancer. He was 75 years old.

[edit] Footnotes

  1. ^ Jim Chen, Theodore Chen. The Man Who Defeated Helio Gracie. July 3, 2003.
  2. ^ Andrew Lundy, John Molinaro, Dan Tavares. Japanese Athletes. CBC Sports. November 15, 2006.
  3. ^ Lawrence Eng. Grappling: Fact and Fiction. October 7th, 2000.
  4. ^ a b Jim Chen M.D. Masahiko Kimura Biography
  5. ^ Chen, J. (c. 2003): Masahiko Kimura (1917–1993): The man who defeated Helio Gracie Retrieved on 7 April 2010.
  6. ^ Sports Graphic Number vol70. [1] February 19th, 1983.
  7. ^ Masahiko Kimura Excerpt from My Judo 1984.

[edit] Sources

v · d · eAll-Japan Judo Champions

1930 Kanbe Furusawa · 1931 Tatsukuma Ushijima · 1932 Tatsukuma Ushijima · 1933 Not held · 1934 Suekichi Tanaka · 1935 Eisaku Iiyama · 1936 Isamu Shinbara / Shinkichi Setoguchi · 1937 Masahiko Kimura · 1938 Masahiko Kimura · 1939 Masahiko Kimura · 1940 Masahiko Kimura · 1941 Iwao Hirose · 1942–47 Not held · 1948 Yasuichi Matsumoto · 1949 Takahiko Ishikawa / Masahiko Kimura · 1950 Takahiko Ishikawa · 1951 Toshiro Daigo · 1952 Yoshihiko Yoshimatsu · 1953 Yoshihiko Yoshimatsu · 1954 Toshiro Daigo · 1955 Yoshihiko Yoshimatsu · 1956 Not held · 1957 Shokichi Natsui · 1958 Koji Sone · 1959 Isao Inokuma · 1960 Akio Kaminaga · 1961 Akio Kaminaga · 1962 Yoshinori Takeuchi · 1963 Isao Inokuma · 1964 Akio Kaminaga · 1965 Seiji Sakaguchi · 1966 Mitsuo Matsunaga · 1967 Isao Okano · 1968 Takeshi Matsuzaka · 1969 Isao Okano · 1970 Masatoshi Shinomaki · 1971 Kaneo Iwatsuri · 1972 Shinobu Sekine · 1973 Haruki Uemura · 1974 Nobuyuki Sato · 1975 Haruki Uemura · 1976 Sumio Endo · 1977 Yasuhiro Yamashita · 1978 Yasuhiro Yamashita · 1979 Yasuhiro Yamashita · 1980 Yasuhiro Yamashita · 1981 Yasuhiro Yamashita · 1982 Yasuhiro Yamashita · 1983 Yasuhiro Yamashita · 1984 Yasuhiro Yamashita · 1985 Yasuhiro Yamashita · 1986 Yoshimi Masaki · 1987 Yoshimi Masaki · 1988 Hitoshi Saito · 1989 Naoya Ogawa · 1990 Naoya Ogawa · 1991 Naoya Ogawa · 1992 Naoya Ogawa · 1993 Naoya Ogawa · 1994 Jun Konno · 1995 Naoya Ogawa · 1996 Naoya Ogawa · 1997 Jun Konno · 1998 Shinichi Shinohara · 1999 Shinichi Shinohara · 2000 Shinichi Shinohara · 2001 Kosei Inoue · 2002 Kosei Inoue · 2003 Kosei Inoue · 2004 Keiji Suzuki · 2005 Keiji Suzuki · 2006 Satoshi Ishii · 2007 Keiji Suzuki · 2008 Satoshi Ishii · 2009 Takamasa Anai · 2010 Kazuhiko Takahashi


1986 Kaori Hachinohe · 1987 Yoko Tanabe · 1988 Yoko Tanabe · 1989 Yoko Tanabe · 1990 Yoko Tanabe · 1991 Yoko Tanabe · 1992 Yoko Tanabe · 1993 Noriko Anno · 1994 Noriko Anno · 1995 Noriko Anno · 1996 Noriko Anno · 1997 Miho Ninomiya · 1998 Miho Ninomiya · 1999 Noriko Anno · 2000 Mayumi Yamashita · 2001 Midori Shintani · 2002 Maki Tsukada · 2003 Maki Tsukada · 2004 Maki Tsukada · 2005 Maki Tsukada · 2006 Maki Tsukada · 2007 Maki Tsukada · 2008 Maki Tsukada · 2009 Maki Tsukada · 2010 Maki Tsukada

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